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Aircraft modeling has undergone significant
changes over the decades - both in technology and preferences. Magazines like American Aircraft Modeler, and American
Modeler before that, were the best venues for capturing snapshots of the status quo of the day. Still, many things never
change, so much of the old content is relevant to today's modeler.
Whether you are here to wax nostalgic, or are
just interested in learning history, hopefully you will find what you are seeking. As time permits, I will be glad to
scan articles for you. All copyrights (if any) are hereby acknowledged.
An article and plans for the Nesmith
Cougar homebuilt plane appeared in the April 1971 edition of American Aircraft Modeler. Per
: "The Nesmith Cougar was a light
aircraft developed in the United States in the 1950s and marketed for homebuilding. The design, by Robert Nesmith,
was for a conventional high-wing, strut-braced monoplane with fixed tailwheel undercarriage. The pilot and a single
passenger were seated side-by-side. The fuselage and empennage were of welded steel-tube construction, while the wings
were of wood, and the whole aircraft was fabric-covered."
simple lines make this aircraft an ideal beginner's scale ship. With lots of detail, is is a contest winner.
It's a rare homebuilt aircraft magazine that doesn't include a Nesmith Cougar. With a wingspan of 20 ft. 5
in., the Cougar zips along, powered. by an 85-hp air-cooled Continental engine or by a higher-powered 115-hp Lycoming
engine. With an empty weight of 624 lb., this ship can cruise at 166 mph; its maximum speed is around 182 mph, Service
ceiling is 13,000 ft. and the takeoff run is- 310 ft. (solo).
Cougars have been built with fiberglass wings
or wheel pants, with various cowling styles, and a few without the rear side windows. One Cougar even had folding
wings for storage and towing by an auto. Any of these features may be incorporated in the model.
Author holding his finely-detailed Cougar. The high. gloss finish with MonoKote is suitable for homebuilt designs;
some real planes are this glossy. Photos by Tom Alerida.
The Cougar is something of a fast-flying box. Its angular design detracts only mildly from performance but aids
greatly in construction.
Many full-size planes are built and flown.
My Cougar was built in Spring of 1969, when I decided to attend the Nationals at Willow Grove, Penna. With only
seven weeks of building time, I wanted a ship with simple, yet unusual lines, and the Cougar satisfied these requirements.
The ship's maiden flight at the Nats was rather precarious because the windshield blew off, but the Cougar has placed
in every air meet since the Nats, including the Eastern States championships held at Johnsville Naval Air Station.
It really doesn't take a huge, multi-engine scale ship to bring the hardware home, as was quite evident at the 1969
Nats. The building of small, single-engined scale ships is on the increase. Construction
The amount of detailing is left to the builder's discretion. Throttle control, operating landing lights, navigation
lights, an operating door, complete interior and workable controls from the control stick are a few of the point-gathering
features that may be incorporated in the Cougar.
Construction by the usual stick and tissue method is not
difficult. The fuselage is a simple box affair. Its sides are made from "1/4" sq. medium hard balsa, except for the
four upright pieces in the cabin area which extend into the plywood wing center section C1. These four pieces are
of "1/4" sq. hardwood.
Build one side directly on the plans. When dry, build the other side on top of the
first side to make them identical. A sheet of wax paper should be laid on the first side after it is dry and before
starting the second side. This prevents the two sides from being accidentally glued together. Use pins to hold the
second side down while gluing and assembling.
When the second side is finished, remove both assemblies from
the plans and separate, being careful not to break any of the glued joints. Drill three holes for the leadout control
line wire grommets at the top of the cabin on the left fuselage side. Glue the 3/32" plywood nose pieces so that they
are on the inside when the fuselage sides are held upright. Join the sides together at the rear and add the 1/4" sq.
cross members on the nose.
Finish the fuselage framework by adding all the crosspieces except the two directly
below the two directly bwlow the engine compartment. Take the carved balsa tail piece and glue the tail wheel landing
gear wire to it. Use gauze to strengthen this area if necessary. Next, glue the tail piece, with the tail wheel wire
to the end of the fuselage sides. Add "the nose pieces and "1/4" plywood stabilizer mount, S1. Use a triangle to keep
the sides a true 90 degrees from the crossmembers. It is quite easy to make a lop-sided fuselage.
plywood formers F1 and F2 onto the motor mounts which have been drilled for the engine. I would recommend a 35 displacement
engine for flying in windy weather or off grass. For flying off macadam or concrete, a 19 should handle the ship with
ease, providing construction is kept light, and no flying is done in wind. My ship, with a Max O.S. 35, is quite stable
in a moderate wind.
Mount the landing gear, using J bolts. When the engine mounts and the landing gear are
lined up, solder the two landing gear pieces. Use either 3/32" or 1/8" dia. music wire for the landing gear. For a
35 engine, use 1/8" dia. wire.
Glue the two fuel tank mounts to the engine mounts after positioning the plywood
formers to accommodate the engine and fuel tank. Secure the plywood formers F1 and F2 with ample amounts of cement.
Glue the fuel tank to the tank mounts. Use fine wire, if necessary, but be sure the fuel tank is mounted securely.
I used a wedge-shaped fuel tank, but a rectangular tank will do. Be sure the landing gear J bolts do not interfere
with the tank. If they do, make the hardwood tank mounts thicker in height in order to drop the fuel tank to clear
the J bolts.
Allow the fuselage to dry thoroughly for several days before any rigorous handling.
the leading edge from 5/8" balsa is the most difficult task in the construction. Pin the 1/4" trailing edge, the leading
edge, and W1 and W2 to the plane. Then glue the 1/16 x 1/8" bottom cap-stripping in place. Notch the 1/4" sq. hard
balsa spar to accept W2 and glue in place. When dry, glue in the wing ribs. Next add the top cap strips. Cap-stripping
may require a little more time than usual, but it pays off when the ship is covered. Add two wing strut mounts and
set the wing aside to dry.
Stabilizer and tail are made from 3/8" balsa or two 3/16" sheets glued together.
Sand to the airfoil shown on the plans. Use elevator hinges of your choice and then attach the control horn.
When the fuselage is dry, sand the outside edges of the four longerons round to resemble tubing when the covering
Glue the stabilizer to the rear of the fuselage as shown and, when dry, drill two 1/8" dia. holes
through the stabilizer and S1. Then drill two 1/8" holes in the bottom of the tail. Mount the tail to the stabilizer,
using 1/8" dowel, and glue securely. This makes quite a sturdy tail section.
The fuselage side fairings and
bottom fairings are added at this time.
Cut down a Roberts three-line bell-crank and bolt to the bottom of
plywood W2 on the wing. Bolt the engine in place and wrap it in aluminum foil until the ship is completed.
The real Cougar has only a one-inch dihedral. This may be eliminated on the model and it still will be an excellent
flyer. I used a 1/4-in. dihedral on each wing panel. Glue the plywood leadout guide in place.
Lay the wing
on top of the fuselage and allow the 1/4" sq. hardwood uprights of the fuselage to come through the corresponding
cutouts on the center wing section W1 and W2. Do not glue as yet, but pin the wing in place and cut and bend the necessary
push rods and throttle linkage to shape. When these are fitted and work freely without binding, glue the wing in position.
Be generous with the glue, some of the pull tests at certain contests are unbelievable! While the glue is drying,
make the wing struts. They can be made from a solid strip of wood, but I prefer to use a laminated strut of two pieces.
This permits an easier installation of the fittings, which are made from brass, aluminum, or any available scrap metal.
Attach overflow and refill fuel lines to the fuel tank. A realistic refill tube can be made from the upper
portion of an exhausted Pactra Plastic Balsa tube. The refill fuel line is brought from the fuel tank, and through
the threaded portion of the Plastic Balsa tube. Allow only several threads to project beyond the 1/16" sheet balsa
cowl covering. After refueling, merely screw the cap back on. This should bring a few extra scale points. Use hard
1/16" sheet balsa to cover the cowl section, top and bottom. These sections may be hinged to allow access to the engine.
The air scoop is built up from 1/16" balsa.
The interior may be simple or plush, but it is the interior detailing
which often makes or breaks a scale ship. Plans show a typical interior. Seats may be carved from balsa and covered
with vinyl, corduroy, thin leather or just about any realistic material. Small diameter aluminum tubing or dowel may
be used for the seat framing. Build a floor from hard 1/16" balsa. The pedal tubing can be made in the same manner
as the seat frame.
I used Tatone's instrument gauges which make a handsome instrument panel. The panel is
made from 1/16" plywood with holes drilled to accept Tatone instruments. The instrument deck covering is made from
1/32" balsa can be covered to match the interior. I used black #400 wet or dry sandpaper.
Glue the 3/16" sq.
hardwood windshield frame posts in place. These posts and other bare wood areas in the cabin should be painted. Put
in floor carpeting if desired and mount the control sticks. Seat belts and a map or two on the seat add a touch of
Complete the framework by gluing FC1 and FC2 into position. Carefully sand the entire framework.
The smoother the framework, the better the covering job will be.
The model is now ready for its skin. I completed
my Cougars' framework only one week before the Nationals. Since it was impossible to cover the ship with Silkspan
and dope in that amount of time, I decided to try the new Super MonoKote. I was well pleased with the results and
the entire ship was covered in two evenings. Metallic Green MonoKote was used and the tail surfaces and ailerons were
painted white with matching interior. Side trim was cut from silver decal sheet and red craft tape used for trim.
Other details to be added now are the aluminum tubing used for the windshield braces which are glued in the
correct position, directly behind the windshield. Mount the leadout eyelets, three on the left fuselage and three
on the leadout guide. These are cut down from Perfect No. 214 leadout eyelets. Bring the leadout wires through the
Cut windshield and side windows oversize and trim to fit. Contact cement may be used to attach these
in place. I used red and white tape for the window trim. The windshield center post is glued on the outside of the
windshield and may be made from thin scrap aluminum.
The registration numbers on my model's wing are incomplete
because the set was incomplete. This error wasn't detected until 1:30 a.m., as I added details on the deadline day
for judging (sound familiar?). The color scheme is left entirely to the builder. A quick glance through any aviation
magazine provides many ideas. A back issue of Air Progress has an excellent set of plans for the Cougar by Triggs.
Complete the ship by mounting ailerons and pitot tube. Offset the rudder and mount the wing struts.
The finished Cougar will practically fly itself. Allow the model at least half a lap to gain flying speed before
applying a small amount of up elevator to move the model from the ground.
Nesmith Cougar Plans
<click for larger version>
AMA Plans Service offers a full-size version of
many of the plans show here at a very reasonable cost. They will scale the plans any size for you.
It is always best to buy printed plans because my scanner
versions often have distortions that can cause parts to fit poorly. Purchasing plans also help to
support the operation of the Academy of Model
Aeronautics - the #1 advocate for model aviation throughout the world. If the AMA no longer has this plan on file, I
will be glad to send you my higher resolution version.
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