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Kirt Blattenberger, Webmaster - Airplanes and Rockets
Kirt Blattenberger
Carpe Diem!
(Seize the Day!)

Even during the busiest times of my life I have endeavored to maintain some form of model building activity. This site has been created to help me chronicle my journey through a lifelong involvement in model aviation, which all began in Mayo, MD. There is a lot of good information and there are lot of pictures throughout the website that you will probably find useful, and might even bring back some old memories from your own days of yore. The website began life around 1996 as an EarthLink screen name of ModelAirplanes, and quickly grew to where more server space ...

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American Control Line Championships  (part 1)
January 1962 American Modeler Article

January 1962 American Modeler

January 1962 American Modeler Cover - Airplanes and Rockets Table of Contents

Some things never grow old. These pages from vintage modeling magazines like American Aircraft Modeler, American Modeler, Air Trails, Flying Aces, Flying Models, Model Airplane News, & Young Men captured the era. I will be glad to scan articles for you. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.

As time marches on, names like Jim Vornholt, Bud Tenney, Bill Werwage, and Lew McFarland are, unfortunately, fading into the ether of yesterday's memories. They were the pioneers of control line stunt flying. Unlike modern day radio control extreme 3-D and precision aerobatics models, the overall planform of control line aerobatic models has not changed all that much.  Proportion changes are hardly noticeable to the untrained eye. Engines are now built better and structural components like carbon fiber are now used, but the most important element of winning control line contests was and still is pilot skill, which has gotten better over time like most other forms or sports.

See part two of the American Control Line Championships.

American Control Line Championships  (part 1)

Words & Pix by William Nezeband

Jim Vornholt, Bud Tenney, Bill Werwage, and Lew McFarland - Airplanes and Rockets
The "Big Three" of stunt, plus one director (from far left): Jim Vornholt, Bud Tenney, Bill Werwage, and Lew McFarland. Asks Will Bill (author, wit, amusing dining companion), "Notice any similarity between the Airon and the Ares?"



Bob Gialdini, Milwaukee, Wisconsin - Airplanes and Rockets
Bob Gialdini, Milwaukee, Wisc., and according to Netzeband "the best flying ship." Fifth in a line of carefully built and adjusted stunt craft



Bill Carpenter's combat plane gets off for its fateful flight - Airplanes and Rockets
Bill Carpenter's combat plane gets off for its fateful flight with Cooper. Bill's new model was his "Super Swoop." It featured more control action for the bigger, heavier combat powerplants.



Charles Lickliter's "Ballerina III" - Airplanes and Rockets
Closeup of the most photographed model at the Nats ...Charles Lickliter's "Ballerina III." Observe the high finish and the attention to artistic detail.
After reviewing three of these affairs, you'd think it would get easier to pick a theme and take off. Doesn't seem to work, tho. Each Nats establishes its own tempo and image and there's not a thing you can do about it. Some are cheerful, some are progressive and far-reaching, some are eh! You look for outstanding models, new designs, something different or earth shaking. Sometimes it's there, more often it's not. The flyers establish part of the theme, the officials, part, the weather and Naval Air Station the rest of it. This one felt a little less than cheerful. The usual grumbling and griping which occurs inevitably at a contest had a strong undertone of seriousness, and waxed louder than in years past. Without concrete facts it would be difficult to say exactly why this should be.

It rained on Monday when the judges were being trained and all of those last minute details of field marking and equipment set up, were being made. Also most contestants try to iron out the kinks during the early days, those from riding many miles, those from a few days layoff and those derived from having a well trimmed model bounced cross-country in a box or back seat. Having to run through the rain doesn't improve one's spirits.

Monday is always a good day from the prospect of meeting old and new friends and catching up on the year that just disappeared in a flash. This year also brings some nostalgia since our first Nats report was about the '57 event at Willow Grove. Was going to be interesting to see how 4 years changed things. We arrived Sunday eve after driving up with Leonard McCoy, a Radio Control man from Lamar, Mo. He owns a hot Ford Convertible and we made real good time. It's still 1300 miles tho, anyway you hack it. Almost got indoctrinated into the R/C fold. Must admit that these Cadillac class fellows are doing a lot of excellent flying. They certainly had a crowd of flyers in radio this time with multi-ships (some 160) all over the place. But we digress.

It didn't seem right without George Aldrich, but he was tied up with something this time. In wandering around the contestants work hangar we found the smoking lamp out, as it will be in Glenview and Los Alamitos, because they store fuel under the hangar floor. Engine running had been limited and moved away from the hangar. This removes a characteristic sound from the picture, but really it's good to have some peace and quiet. About 2/3 of the floor space was devoted to work tables which were full early Monday. Seems that the Navy had to scurry about and cut the ribbon early Sunday to let the eager modelers in. Miss America was there adding her glamour to the scene, if you like that sort of thing. Who doesn't?

Hi Johnson observed pushing new combat rules. These he will describe at the drop of a hint. I've covered them in the Capers Column and they bear looking into and trying. More about this later. Located John Brodbeck over in the other hangar along with the AYSC boys.

The AYSC group are carefully isolated, models in a guarded room and flight operations up at the end of the field. Their program this year involved their flying all four Air Youth categories at the Nats and picking their winner. Forty-two lads including the Hawaii champ were there. It would have been full time covering them, so their story must come from elsewhere (Cal Smith).

Meanwhile, back at the work hangar things are buzzing. People are settling down to the business of preparing old and new models for the job of flying in this, our biggest show of the year.

The quality of equipment is good, with more well finished stunt ships than ever. Some scale models are around, but they disappear rapidly since judging is down at the main hangar under wraps. People still carry racks of combat jobs, boxes of speed ships and there are big carriers all over. Seems that the East coast is carrier territory.

See some FAI Team Racers, B team jobs and quite a batch of Rat Racers when you consider there's no event at the Nats for them. Watching them fly in the evening it looks like there's a trend away from pressure and attention to fast pit stops. Jack Garcia, California, has a slick ship which has turned in such phenomenal times as 6:21 for the 10 mile. This is done with a Johnson, no pressure, and an inspired pit man, who can, when hot, restart within 3 seconds. This is from the time he fields the model, fills it, and cranks it up. Feeling is high among these people about a Nationals event for Rat Racing. For their info, we have been carrying discussions of TR vs RR in our column. Let us present your thoughts. Only through doing something, can you get what you want. Unfortunately, grumbling to yourself or your buddies doesn't accomplish much.

The Nats always brings out the people who like off-beat, non-contest equipment such as Dale Means from Shrewsbury, Mass., and his son Dale, Jr. They were flying a twin engine ship resembling the old Brumann "Skyrocket" with a pair of old KB 29's and having a ball stunting. Were a couple of Jet stunt ships, one of which flew pretty well, several of the Sabre-Dance models like the one by Dave Holland with coordinated thrust to weight allowing the ship to prop-bang.

Strictly unusual was one by John Clemens. John claims to be one of the physically smallest Texans in existence, also maintaining that he couldn't say where he lived until Alaska joined the Union. He may be short (aren't we all, at times) but I have yet to hear anyone top him. Typical conversation between Hi Johnson and John on the ramp ... Hi, "Hey, John, you're traveling kind of slow". John, "Yeah, I'm using both feet". Anyhow, John was carrying a minute model, a 1/2 pint of fuel, a battery and wearing a helmet with an unusual wire ring on it. Questioning (not much) convinced him to fly his TD .010 powered bee around his head. After a few laps he was holding his head on with his hands. Says the ship is ideal for chasing flies, etc. He proposes an event in which everyone brings easy chairs, flies models around their heads, and everyone gets a trophy. When do we start? John, in his spare time handles Nats publicity and the PA system at the demonstrations.

So, on with the business of contesting. The stunt judges were trained by Larry Scarinzi and appeared ready to go Tuesday morn. Monday nite it was discovered that the old 1957 system of one flight on each circle was going to be used in the qualifying rounds. Some fast action put a stop to this nonsense. Bud Tenney had charge of the proceedings and was in constant attendance at the circles handling things very ably and amiably. Bud's two specialties seem widely diverse, Indoor and Stunt, but he enjoys an interesting variety.

Main pressure in running an Aerobatic show is the question of whether the judges will remain consistent thru a day's flying. Hi or low isn't important, just so they remain in their particular area. We have been flying the same pattern for 5 years and the differences between top men are getting smaller. The Navy men this year held steady very well. Watching practice flights early in the week one wondered where the big boys were, since everyone looked rough. Actually after all the kinks were out they still looked a bit rough, just a hair's breadth off top trim. Could have been the fact that winds over and around the hangar caused turbulence and the consequent roughness. Maybe everyone just had more nerves than usual.

The Juniors led off on Tuesday. The surprise here was the extremely high finishes turned out. You had to look them over carefully to find any cracks or nicks. Was personally pleased to see Gerry Cipra with his beautiful Nobler. Gerry was the youngster I had to disqualify in the '58 Nats at Chicago. They said then, he'd get building his own ships and he certainly did. His father, Emil, also had a highly finished Nobler, but while Gerry came out 2nd in Jr., Dad was elsewhere in Open. He almost qualified tho. I suspect emphasis was placed on Gerry's practice. Notice Gerry won beauty in AYSC and placed 4th in AYSC Stunt.

Jim Vornholt, flying a real slick airplane this time, the Airon, was the only one of last year's age class champs to repeat. The kids fly a lot of stunt and some have enough polish to compete in Open any time. In the finals, Terry Evans, St. Louis, threw a part of a prop blade during his first flight. Rather than deck the ship he elected to fly out the agonizing minutes. The damage to the ship was amazing, with numerous cracks along the fuselage and joints. He had a full repair job on his hands.

On qualifying day you look over everyone, like Steve Bittner from Baltimore. He is flying an Imperial which he's redesigned to suit himself. Dad helps and as Steve adds to his 13 years he'll be a good stunt man. Only started last fall.

In Senior, most all the old hands were there: Bill Werwage, Audie Meyers, Jeep Newman, Ronald O'Toole. Jeep had a rough time after plowing concrete with his ship after qualifying. He rebuilt it and came in fourth, only 6 points off the top money. He had a whole nose to glass on, which isn't an easy job. O'Toole was flying one of his own this year, "Aeolis", along the lines of the ARES and models of that ilk. Wonder when the boys will run out of Greek Gods.

Gary Zeller totaled his newest Tucker Special in practice and ended flying an older one. One of this series of ship will be presented later as a construction article in AM. They had removed some of the weight from last year's models, helping flying nicely. Werwage's 400 pts put Meyer's 397 into second place. As usual, the top 5 scores in each class are close enough that anyone could be on top.

In the Open class tension was rampant as all of the top men flew and then sweat out each other's scores. It was seesaw all day. Lew McFarland almost lost his ship Monday to the ramp sweeper when it started eating his lines. His first flight on Friday came out short both the horizontal and square eights putting pressure squarely on his second flight. He came thru and went on to pick up the Jim Walker Trophy on Sunday. Jim Silhavy tried out his new Nobler, but elected to fly last year's winner. He racked it in Friday morning after qualifying. Seems the pushrod let go and really broke up the ship. So it goes with tough luck. Charlie Lickliter attracted a crowd every time he set his ship down. Truly a beautiful model, the Ballerina III, covered with Jap Tissue and sporting a flawless paint and decorating job. For this reporter's money, it could fly better, but he placed second, so-. Fred Nolls had a big ship powered by a McCoy 35. It ran like a top and pulled very nicely. It can be done.

Taking nothing from Lew's Shark 45, Bob Gialdini's "Olympic III" is the best flying, average size stunt ship in the country (or city). Starting in 1957 with a Nobler and carefully evolving thru several models he has developed a clean, slick turning machine. When he does squares, they are evenly and exactly timed. The ship turns like it was on rails and the smoothness is outstanding, almost effortless. He has moved the gear to the wing, and landings are such that wheel contact is unnoticeable. The peculiar thing is ... such perfect maneuvers aren't getting him into the top spot. He was third this time. Perhaps perfection is not the thing to shoot for.

And in 4th place is Rolland McDonald. This caused me to check up. Rolland flies very well, and in looking over his past record at the Nats I found that he has consistently placed around 4th, when he's not tied with Booz. This indicates a better average than the guys who are up and down, just like bowling. Of course, when you have your sights set on first, fourth isn't much consolation.

After the flying was over some of the stunt gang invited Bud Tenney and me to chow with them. After placing Lew McFarland, Bud, Charlie Lickliter and yours truly at the head table, they autographed and presented some 14x6 props "In Appreciation." I don't know what mine was for, but it's hung in a place of honor. This Stunt gang is the nicest group of nervous wrecks I've ever known.

Le Combat this year was a repeat of Dallas, maybe more so. Fellows, these rules have got to go! I carefully watched a lot of action, and then checked my thoughts with the judges. Such a diversity. Invariably, decisions are based on who hit whom, or some far-out reaching for obscure rulings. The rules coupled with the frantic antics of models and pilots force the judges into a corner most of the time. Action usually consists of a line yank-off of one whole streamer, a collision or a single prang and an argument.

A good match between hot pilots usually ends abruptly and indecisively. Bentley Page got a line cut and played it cool thinking he'd scored. He was ruled the loser for lack of aggression. Ted Cooper and Bill Carpenter collided destroying Bill's "Super Swoop." Cooper was ruled winner as being hit. Oesterle and Chrisman put on a superb, no-score for several minutes before they piled up, in a Senior match. This is about all the details I'm going to give on matches, since they never came out like I saw them.

Randy Tucker, last year's Senior champ, accosted me and asked why I lie in my reports. Mistakes maybe, but lies don't help a thing. Seems that I said Brown cut too close and got Randy's collision zone. Randy says he passed over too quickly and cut his own safety string. They were head-on to me when it happened so I apologized to him. Seems he was getting static at home for some reason. The kicker comes from Dick Brown's thoughts on that fatal maneuver. He says he (Dick) actually did cut in too close, but was coming down while I thought he was going up. Also was gently informed by Pete Peters that Wooten didn't have any cuts in the Carpenter match last year.

Tom Teeter, New Kensington, Pennsylvania - Airplanes and Rockets
Tom Teeter, New Kensington, Pa., 2nd in Jr Combat. Stabilizer type model; Johnson power. Sez WN: "Watch this boy, he's good!"



Steve Bittner, Baltimore, Maryland - Airplanes and Rockets
Steve Bittner, Baltimore, Md., is just beginning contesting with reworked Ringmaster Imperial. Coming along fine.



Dale Means, Shrewsbury, Mass. - Airplanes and Rockets
Strictly-for-fun plane is this twin engine deal (above) by Dale Means, Shrewsbury, Mass. Real good idea opines author.
So I herewith refrain from any more match commentary.

Starting out model wise there were many versions of the Twister, VooDoo, Equalizer design. The Mexican crew landed with about 3 Twister variations each. We could learn from them, since their equipment is immaculate, certainly too well-built for our Combat. They really have the teamwork and spirit, such that when they fly it's like a well-oiled machine complete with razzle-dazzle rooting sections. Pablo Samperio came out third for them after several weird and bruising matches along the line.

After the three qualifying days realized that there were at least 187 different designs being used. No trend, except to stabilator jobs, but all of the winners were lackluster types of conventional layout. The last match in Junior between Frank Pisz and Tom Teeter was an outstanding example of sportsmanship.

Frank was up first and when Tom got up his engine was very sick. Frank held off until Tom's engine came in and then he proceeded to eat him up cleanly and quickly. Randy Tucker made it to the finals, but got killed by Schmitt in the first round. Henry Schell beat out Don Sopka in Senior. The open last match was too weird to try to report accurately, but Jim Ribar won over Ted Cooper.

Were it not for Doy Black and Pete Peters' judging combat each year, we'd be a lot worse off. These two are walking rule machines and the best qualified combat judges in the country. You have to be, to retain any semblance of accuracy. Too many of the matches required some obscure decision and a goodly number were vague enough to require re-matching. These rules involving scored string cuts and time-in-the-air points would eliminate guesswork for the judges and would make combat more pleasant all around. Maybe the flyers like to argue, but judges are at it all day and don't care to argue about every cotton-pickin' decision. Each additional improvement (?) over the years has complicated things beyond hope. A thorough cleaning is necessary. It must be started now, in order to be effective.

The Johnson engines dominated numerically, with the newer Foxes coming along. Handling these hot power plants still bugs a lot of flyers, but they've got the soup. Have found that it is hard for a lot of people to tell by ear when the engine is peaked perfectly and too many times they are peaked out on the ground. The superior breathing then causes them to lean out in the air and burn. The new KB engines weren't ready in time for the Nats, but tests indicate they'll be around in force next year.

Next month the insides of Speed, Carrier, Team Racing and some Scale. Tune in? -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted May 4, 2013